Environmental Health, 3rd Edition, Monroe T. Morgan

Environmental health not only covers the environmental sciences but also the human population. This book emphasizes the environmental practices that support human life as well as the need to control factors that are harmful to human life. Chapters focus on the requisites of life, water, air, food, space, and shelter. Chapters also address proper management of wastewater treatment, solid waste management, insect and rodent control, and agents that cause diseases. The top environmentalists from around the world contribute a chapter in their area of expertise to form the most comprehensive text available.

 

Environmental Health includes: 

  • increased and integrated global coverage of environmental health topics, including new-world population charts and statistics and expanded discussion of global diseases and global air pollution control;
  • new topics and research on the West Nile virus, national and international environmental politics, environmental ethics, Healthy People 2010, space as a new environment, soils and its uses, water and its uses, home safety devices, nuclear energy, expanded discussions of diseases, and ecosystems and communities of species;
  • an updated appendix of environmental organizations, with current Web URLs that link readers to the best resources the Web has to offer; and
  • a new “Key Terms" section in every chapter, with page references to facilitate study.

The author emphasize the need for, and ways of providing, the requirements for human life—air, water, food, a favorable temperature, space, and the absence of toxic and other hazardous materials—making this an all-encompassing text, full of topics related to the important issues surrounding environmental health. The text covers the principles on every environmental health program, giving readers a better understanding of the various programs and their individual purposes and goals.

 

Environmental Health is a study reference for NEHA's REHS/RS exam.

346 pages, paperback.

 

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

 

1. World Population

Doubling Time

Why the Population Explosion?

Effects of Overpopulation

Efforts to Control Overpopulation

Urbanization

The Need for Family Planning

Ideal Population Levels

Managing Human Environments

Key Terms

References

 

2. Fundamentals of Environmental Health

Determinants of Health

Requirements for the Growth of Microorganisms

Causative Agents of Disease

Human Defense Against Disease

Portals of Entry

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

3. Chronic and Communicable Diseases

Chronic Diseases

Communicable Diseases

Comparing Chronic and Communicable Diseases

Environmental Influences

Methods of Disease Transmission

Communicable Diseases Transmitted by Intestinal Discharges

Diseases Spread by Nose and Throat Discharges

Diseases of Animals Transmittable to Humans (Zoonoses)

Arthropod-Borne Diseases

Mosquitoes

Ticks

Mites

Flies

Lice

Roaches

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

4. Water Supplies

The Hydrologic Cycle

Surface Water Supplies

Groundwater Supplies

Water Quality

Water Distribution

Municipal Water Distribution

Municipal Groundwater Supplies

Consumption and Conservation

Water and the World Population

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

5. Environmental Health in Recreational Areas

Problems Associated with All Recreational Areas

Mass Gatherings

Winter Recreation

Water-Oriented Recreation

Playgrounds

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

6. Wastewater Management

Non-Water Carried Systems

Individual Water-Carried Systems

Municipal Wastewater Treatment

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

7. Solid and Hazardous Waste Management

Classification of Solid Waste

Storage of Solid Waste

Collection of Solid Waste

Solid Waste Management

Source Reduction

Recycle-Reuse

Waste to Energy and Incineration

Sanitary Landfill

Composting

Medical Waste Disposal: Methods and Problems

Hazardous Waste

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

8. Vectors and Their Control

Rodents

Arthropods

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

9. Toxicology

Introduction

The Environmental Health Paradigm

Dose-Response Relationship

Environmental Health Regulations and Risk Assessment

Environmental Toxicology

Other Resources and Summary

Key Terms

References

 

10. Radiological Health

Sources of Radiation

Radioactivity

Units of Measure in Radiological Health

Instruments for Measuring Radiation

Control of Exposure to Radiation

Nuclear Power

Radioactive Waste

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

11. Food Protection and Safety

Introduction

Understanding Food-Borne Illness

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

12. Shelter Environments

Introduction

The Modern Home

Housing History

Building Standards

Physiological Needs

Favorable Environment

Fundamental Psychological Needs

Protection Against Causative Agents of Disease

Sick Building Syndrome

Institutional Environments

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

13. Environmental Safety

Safety Concepts

Consumer Product Safety Commission

Home Safety

Recreational Safety

Other Recreational Activities

Transportation Safety Introduction

Summary

Key Term

References

 

14. Air Quality

Historical Perspective

Sources of Air Pollution

Effects of Air Pollution

Air Pollution Control

Acid Precipitation

The Greenhouse Effect

Chlorofluorocarbons and Ozone Layer Depletion

Deforestation Effects

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

15. Occupational Health

History of Occupational Health

The Need for Occupational Health and Safety

Occupational Diseases

Industrial Toxicology

Enforcement of Laws

Summary

Key Terms

References

 

16. Environmental Planning

Introduction

The Need for Planning

Definitions and Types of Planning

The Planning Process

Styles of Regulation

Need for Integration of Environmental Statutes

Risky Decisions

Summary

Key Law Acronyms

Key Terms

Appendix 1

References

 

17. Principles of Environmental Health Administration

Introduction

Definition

Organizational Diversity

Values and Benefits

Scope of Environmental Health and Protection

Ecological Considerations

Mission

Goal

Risk Assessment

Public Health Assessment

Risk Communication

Risk Management

Prioritization

Federal Organizations

State Organizations

Local Organizations

Federal, State, or Local?

Program Design

Administrative Support

Laboratory

Epidemiology

Legal

Public Information and Education

Research

Data

Fiscal Support

The Primacy of Prevention

Planning for Environmental Health and Protection

Building and Traveling Bridges

Personnel Requirements

Continuing Education

The Future

Summary

Key Terms

Reference

Appendix A—Summary of Environmental Law

Appendix B—Selected Environmental Organizations

Glossary

About the Authors

Index

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