Environmental Engineering

(3 Volume Set) 6th Edition  

(Environmental Health & Safety; Water & Wastewater; Prevention & Response)


First published in 1958, Salvato’s Environmental Engineering has long been the definitive reference for generations of sanitation and environmental engineers. Approaching its 50th year of continual publication in a rapidly changing field, the sixth edition has been fully reworked and reorganized into three separate, succinct volumes to adapt to a more complex and scientifically demanding field with dozens of specializations.


Updated and reviewed by leading experts in the field, this revised edition offers new coverage of industrial solid wastes utilization and disposal, the use of surveying in environmental engineering and land use planning, and environmental assessment. Stressing the practicality and appropriateness of treatment, the sixth edition provides realistic solutions for the practicing public health official or environmental engineer.


Environmental Engineering: Prevention and Response to Water-, Food-, Soil-, and Airborne Disease and Illness covers: 

  • disease transmission by contaminated water,
  • foodborne diseases,
  • control of diseases of the air and land,
  • appropriate technology for developing countries, and
  • environmental emergencies and emergency preparedness.

A study reference for NEHA's REHS/RS exam.

382 pages, hardback.


Table of Contents




Chapter 1: Disease Transmission by Contaminated Water


Control of Source (Agent Factors)

Control of Mode of Transmission

Control of Susceptibles (Host Factors)

Typical Epidemic Controls

Waterborne Diseases 



Survival of Pathogens

Substance Dose to Cause Illness

Summary of Characteristics and Control of Water- and Foodborne Diseases

Vehicle or Means by Which Waterborne Diseases Are Spread

Historical Waterborne Disease Background

Control and Prevention of Waterborne Diseases

Prevention of Waterborne Diseases









Tetanus or Lockjaw

Noninfectious and Noncommunicable Diseases and Conditions Associated with the Water Environment 


Prevention and Control

Investigation of as Water Disease Outbreak 


Samples and Specimens

Epidemiology and Risk

Molecular Detection of Waterborne Pathogens





Chapter 2: Control of Diseases of the Air and Land

Communicable Diseases 


Life Expectancy and Mortality

Framework for Disease Transmission


Regulatory Authorities in Health


Epidemic Control at the Individual Level 

Behavioral Change

Antibiotics and Antivirals

Vaccination (or Immunization)

Control of Infectious Agents and Vectors

Environmental Control of Infectious Diseases

Arthropodborne Diseases

Zoonoses and Their Spread

Infectious Respiratory Diseases




Noncommunicable Diseases and Conditions Associated with the Environment 


Prevention and Control

Environmental Control Legislation

Lead Poisoning

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Mercury Poisoning

Illnesses Associated with Air Pollution—Lung Diseases

Asbestos Diseases

Malignant Neoplasms (Cancer) Cardiovascular Diseases


Dental Caries


High Environmental Temperatures

Skin Damage from Sunlight

Tap Water Scalds




Useful Internet Web Sites




Chapter 3: Foodborne Diseases



Survival of Pathogens


Infectious Dose


Reservoir or Source of Disease Agents 

Humans as Reservoirs

Animals as Reservoirs

Food Spoilage


Burden and Cost of Foodborne Illness


Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance 


Milk and Other Dairy Products

Fruits and Vegetables

Meat and Seafood

Control and Prevention of Foodborne Diseases 

Prevention of Foodborne Diseases

Mercury Poisoning


Dental Caries


Nutritional Deficiency and Related Diseases



Chapter 4: Appropriate Technology for Developing Countries






Problem of Developing Countries

Summary of DC Problem

Purpose of This Chapter

Specific Subjects Included in This Chapter

Environmental Governance 


Situation in DCs versus United States/ICs

What DC and IAA Practitioners Can Do to Correct This Problem

Role of the Private Sector

Urban Water Supply 

Situation in United States

Situation in Typical DCs

Suggested Approach for Improving IAA Assistance to DCs

Appropriate Water Quality Standards

Water and Sewer Pipes in Same Trench

Reuse of Treated Wastewater

IAA-Sponsored Community Water Supply Programs

Other Considerations

Water Hyacinths

Water Quality Analyses

Water Quality Monitoring

Role of Private Sector

Integrated Economic-cum-Environmental Development Planning (IEEDP)

Water Resources Management 

Reducing Water Irrigation Requirements

China Studies Sponsored by World Bank

Watershed Management

Urban Sewerage and Excreta Management (USEM) 

Situation in ICs

Situation in Typical DCs

Sewerage-cum-Sanitation Systems for 100 Percent Excreta Management

Sewage Treatment Systems

Sewage Characteristics and Needs for Treatment and Point Source Control

Sewage Flow Measurement

Appropriate Standards

Marine Sewage Disposal

Buffer Area Requirements around Treatment/Pumping Plants

Regional Water Pollution Control

Industrial Wastewater Management 

Situation in ICs versus DCs

Discharge into Municipal Sewerage Systems (MSSs)

Discharge Directly to Environment

Appropriate Standards

Cleaner Production (CP)

Industrial Estates

Marine Disposal


Urban Solid Waste Management 

Situation in United States versus DCs

Practical Sanitary Landfilling Technology for DCs

Experience in Asian DCs

Alternative Disposal Methods

Reclamation of Swamp Lowlands by Refuse Landfilling

Urban Air Pollution Control 


Thailand: General Situation

Thailand: Sharing of Controls for Multiple Industries

Air Pollution Control Experience in India

Hazardous Waste Management 


Guidelines Manual for DCs

Megacities: Rural to Urban Migration 


Economic Policies for Sustainable Development (ADB)

Existing Situation in the DCs

Urban Growth Management/Action Strategy

Effective Control of Environmental Degradation

Follow-up Evaluation of ADB Study

Essay on Urban Population Growth in DCs

Urban Slums 


Indonesia Kampung Improvement Projects (KIPs)

Urban Sanitation 

Ports and Harbors

Coastal City of Chonburi in Thailand

Public Water Supply Taps

Rural Sanitation 

Very Low Priority for Attention

WHO Manuals

Xiaolangdi Resettlement

Farm Animal Manures


School Sanitation

Hazard of Flies

Septic Tank for Coastal Homes on Stilts

Water Treatment for Homes Using Surface Waters

Public Health 

Assessment by Asian Development Bank

Water Supply and Sanitation

Disease Reporting

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) 

Difficulties in Application of EIA Process to DCs

Effective Use of EIS Process in DCs

Recommended EIA Report Components

Constraints for Construction Contractors

Need for Effective Training

Environmental Economics and Financing 

Inclusion of Environmental Values in Project Economic Analysis (PEA)

Effect of EPMs of Project Economic and Financial Analyses

Human Greed Parameter

Economic-cum-Environmental Development Planning

Value of Human Life

Protecting Precious Eco-Resources

Emergencies Management


Technology Transfer (TT) 



Development Planning for DCs 

Social Parameters: Attention to Rural Poverty Poor

Eco-Resources Protection

Affordability of Environmental Improvements

Integrated Economic-cum-Environmental Development Planning (IEEDP)

Global Warming 


Future of Environment in Developing Countries 

Problems in DCs

Changes in Environmental Policy in the ICs

Glimpses of Future




Chapter 5: Environmental Emergencies and Emergency Preparedness



Emergency Planning for Industrial Facilities



Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs)

Media Center

Communication Equipment and Alarm Systems

Firefighting Facilities, Equipment, and Supplies

Spill and Vapor Release Control Equipment

Medical Facilities, Equipment, and Supplies

Meteorological Equipment

Security and Access Control Equipment

Environmental Testing Systems

Emergency Action Levels


Emergency Response Organization 

Initial-Response Organization

Full Emergency Response Organization

Emergency Director (Site Emergency Coordinator)

Response Operations Coordinator

Incident Response Commander (IRC, Field Operations Coordinator)

Incident Response Team

Emergency Functions


Emergency Response Actions 

Concept of Operations

Emergency Response Implementing Procedures

Environmental Considerations

Recovery, Reentry, and Restoration

Training, Exercises, and Plan Maintenance


Emergency Planning at the Local Level 

Emergency Management

Leadership Commitment

Planning Team

Planning Process 

Hazards Analysis

Damage Assessment and Recovery Operations


Content of the Plan and Procedures

Plan Integration

Public Information 

Public Education

Public Emergency Notification